The sun of COP22 is about to rise up, Marrakech will host the Conference Of Parties between the 7th and the 18th November, 2016. And therefore, the environmental dilemmas plaguing valleys and oases of Daraa Tafilalet region must be evoked. Dades valley is a living example of the almost-dead valleys that we have in our region Draa Tafilalet.
As everyone knows, among the environmental raised problems we find household waste management, which are faced by the State by providing, waste bins, waste transport trucks, intensification of environmental development programs in megacities. In the absence of a similar measure in the rural area, including the absence of any collective mobilization that reduces the environmental pollution. Thus we see the biggest problems in how to dispose of these wastes which are settled in Dades and Megoun valleys.
According to the website (Dades Info) in the article published on February 25th, 2016. That in the official annual statistics, it’s approximately 5.3 million tonnes of waste which is equivalent to 0.76 kg per capita, in the urban area. And approximately 7.47 million tonnes of waste which is equivalent to 0.28 kg per capita, in the rural area. Therein lies the danger, this latter is not available on infrastructures which are able to absorb this amount of waste and managed so as not to pose a threat to humans and livestock.
Depending on what is stated in the statistics on average, people of Boumalne Dades scrape annually 1,300 tons of waste and nearly 3,000 tons from Tilmi to Ait Yahia through Dades valley. Studies also confirmed that 6,000 tons of various wastes are disposed of annually from the territory Tinghir.
And waste in the region vary between waste fermentable residuals food and animal waste, which often end up as natural fertilizer for oases or feed for cattle. And the waste that does not contain organic materials like plastic and garments and structures of vehicles, ect.
In the absence of bins of waste and drainage channels, it ends up this waste either to the valley or directly into the ground over hundreds of wells. In addition, the activities that have become practiced at both Dades and Magoun valleys; washing cars and mattresses. In their capacity as tributaries Draa valley this waste ends up also settled in the Mansour Eddahbi dam in Ouarzazate, which could constitute a threat to drinking water in the region.
The Supreme Council of the accounts in December 2014 called for in a report to the closure of all waste places which are not subject to censorship or rehabilitation. Despite the arrival of this report’s echo to the collective councils in the region, we have not seen any changes yet.
Where is the civil society on this issue? People do not know what awaits them if the situation remained the same. Where are the vigils and usual escalations?, Civil society have to move in parallel with the national reports because the environmental situation in the region could no longer cope and the danger bell has been sounding for a long time but there are no ears and no alive consciences.
So the laws developed and projects have remained a dead letter. With these steps we are not going to deter the actions of those people who do not have awareness of the seriousness of what they are doing. So collective councils are not the only culprit, but the civil society must make moves to awaken the conscience in order to create environmental awareness among the population.
Written by : Mustapha Oughrisse